Terrorist Learning: A Look at the Adoption of Political Kidnappings in Six Countries, 1968–1990
MetadataShow full item record
This article studies the epidemic of kidnappings across six countries between 1968 and 1990. The goal is to identify those factors that determine the operational decisions made by terrorists. Why and how do terrorists decide to engage in certain types of actions but not others? The article discusses a number of scholarly approaches, and the variables these studies have put forward to explain the decision- making processes within terrorist organizations. The argument made here is that the groups’ ideological preferences, strategic analysis, and need to attract media attention did not appear to exert much influence in the terrorists’ decision to kidnap. Organizational resources and the nature of the security environment in which the terrorists operated had some bearing. However, kidnappings became attractive when terrorists made a pragmatic evaluation of the reaction by governments and the public and consequently of the costs or benefits of a particular course of action. The decision to carry out a campaign of kidnappings, or to abstain from kidnapping, should be interpreted as clear evidence of terrorist learning. Two types of learning appear to have influenced the adoption of kidnappings: learning by observing others and learning by doing.
The article of record may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2016.1237226
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Kress, Moshe; Nevo, Yuval; Dimitrov, Nedialko B. (Operational Research Society Ltd., 2016);As a result of communication technologies, the main intelligence challenge has shifted from collecting data to efficiently processing it so that relevant, and only relevant, information is passed on to intelligence ...
Spencer, Patrick S. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2014-06);In today’s world, innovations in software have provided organizations a platform to establish a collaborative environment that leverages new technologies. The Marine Corps is not immune from these innovations and must look ...
Sadagic, Amela; Yates, Floy A. Jr. (2015);Computer-supported training simulations have been recognized for the potential and the benefits they have in supplementing the training needs of the military, yet we still do not see evidence of large-scale deployment ...