Emerging threat to America: non-state entities fighting fourth generation warfare in Mexico
Gomez, Rodrigo Nieto
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The 2007 Merida Initiative provides the framework for the cooperation between America and Mexico, supporting the fight against the Pack Virus in Mexico. The new American-Mexican policy of combating the drug cartels, transnational gangs, and paramilitaries is a first step in creating a real U.S. Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) theater defense. The USNORTHCOM Mexico strategy is a supporting effort to the U.S. defense strategy, the Mexican strategy to counter the violence, and national policies of the U.S. government. The USNORTHCOM-Mexico strategy emphasizes the U.S. and Mexican military role in collaborating to create a solid institution to be utilized in support of the Mexican government. The partnering of the two militaries creates the conditions for increasing Mexican capabilities in eight functional areas. An emphasis on intelligence surveillance, reconnaissance (ISR), Mexican Special Forces, and consequence management operations are factors that would contribute to the transformation of the Mexican military into a counter insurgency force. A list of recommendations for policy makers and military leaders is provided to strengthen the gains created by the Merida Initiative. The increase in capabilities and credibility of the Mexican military benefits both the economic and security policies of Mexico and the U.S.
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