Cross-Sectional Transport Imaging in a Multijunction Solar Cell
Haegel, Nancy M.
Fetzer, Christopher M
King, Richard R.
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We combine a highly localized electron-beam point source excitation to generate excess free carriers with the spatial resolution of optical near-field imaging to map recombination in a cross-sectioned multijunction (Ga0.5In0.5P/GaIn0.01As/Ge) solar cell. By mapping the spatial variations in emission of light for fixed generation (as opposed to traditional cathodoluminescence (CL), which maps integrated emission as a function of position of generation), it is possible to directly monitor the motion of carri- ers and photons. We observe carrier diffusion throughout the full width of the middle (GaInAs) cell, as well as luminescent coupling from point source excitation in the top cell GaInP to the middle cell. Supporting CL and near-field photoluminescence (PL) measure- ments demonstrate the excitation-dependent Fermi level splitting effects that influence cross-sectioned spectroscopy results, as well as transport limitations on the spatial resolution of conventional cross-sectional far-field measurements.
IEEE Journal of PhotovoltaicsThe article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/jphotov.2016.2623088
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