Bulk wind estimation and prediction for adaptive optics control systems
Johnson, Luke C.
Gavel, Donald T.
Wiberg, Donald M.
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We present a wind-predictive controller for astronomical adaptive optics (AO) systems that is able to predict the motion of a single windblown layer in the presence of other, more slowly varying phase aberrations. This con- troller relies on fast, gradient-based optical flow estimation to identify the velocity of the translating layer and a recursive mean estimator to account for turbulence that varies on a time scale much slower than the operating speed of the AO loop. We derive the Cramer–Rao lower bound for the wind estimation problem and show that the proposed estimator is very close to achieving theoretical minimum-variance performance. We also present simu- lations using on-sky data that show significant Strehl increases from using this controller in realistic atmospheric conditions.
Journal of the Optical Society of America AThe article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/josaa.28.001566