Hydrodynamics of mine impact burial
Evans, Ashley D.
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A general physics based hydrodynamic flow model is developed that predicts the three-dimensional six degrees of freedom free fall time history of a circular cylinder through the water column to impact with an unspecified bottom. Accurate vertical impact velocity and impact angle parameters are required inputs to subsequent portions of any Impact Mine Burial Model. The model vertical impact velocity and impact angle are compared with experimental data, vertical impact velocities and impact angle to validate the model mechanics and accuracy. The three dimensional model results are compared through the experimental data with IMPACT28 vertical impact velocities and impact angle. Results indicate the three dimensional model mechanics are sound and marginal improvements are obtained in predicted vertical velocities. No improvement is gained using the three-dimensional model over IMPACT28 to predict impact angle. The observed stochastic nature of mine movement in experimental data suggests this three dimensional model be used to model the hydrodynamic flow phase in a statistical mine burial model that provides distributions for input parameters, and domain characteristics and present a probabilistic output for development of a relevant navy tactical decision aid.
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