The Synoptic Model of Strategic Planning and the Results Act: Lacking a Good Fit with the Political Context
Roberts, Nancy C.
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Strategic planning is now required for federal agencies. The Government Performance Results Act (GPRA) of 1993 (P.L. 103-62), having received overwhelming bipartisan support (as well as endorsements from the General Accounting Office [GAO], American Society of Public Administration, and National Academy of Public Administration [NAPA], among others), required virtually all agencies and government corporations to write and submit strategic plans to Congress by September 30, 1997. (Only the Central Intelligence Agency, GAO, Panama Canal Commission, Postal Service, and Postal Rate Commission are exempted from the provisions of the act.) In May and June 19