Novel Concept for High Dielectric Constant Composite Electrolyte Dielectrics
Fromille, Samuel S., IV
Kwon, Young W.
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This research was part of an ongoing program studying the concept of multi-material dielectrics (MMD) with dielectric constants much higher than homogenous materials. MMD described in this study have dielectric constants six orders of magnitude greater than the best single materials. This is achieved by mixing conductive particles with an insulating surface layer into a composite matrix phase composed of high surface area ceramic powder and aqueous electrolyte. Specifically examined in this study was micron-scale nickel powder treated in hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) loaded into high surface area alumina powder and aqueous boric acid solution. This new class of dielectric, composite electrolyte dielectrics (CED), is employed in an electrostatic capacitor configuration and demonstrated dielectric constant of order 10 [raised to the 10th power] at approximately 1 Volt. Additionally, it is demonstrated that treated nickel can be loaded in high volume fractions in the CED configuration. Prior studies of composite capacitors indicated a general limitation due to shorting. This results from the onset of percolation due to excess loading of conductive phases. Insulated particles described herein are successfully loaded up to 40% by volume, far above typical percolation thresholds. Simple models are presented to explain results.
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