Six-degree-of-freedom model of a controlled circular parachute
Dobrokhodov, Vladimir N.
Yakimenko, Oleg A.
Junge, Christopher J.
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The paper continues a series of publications devoted to modern advances in aerodynamic decelerator system technology started recently (Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 38, No. 5, 2001) and addresses the development of a six- degree-of-freedom model of a guided circular parachute. The paper reviews existing circular parachute models and discusses several modeling issues unresolved within the frame of existing approaches or completely ignored so far. These issues include using data obtained in the aerodynamic experiments and computational-fluid-dynamics modelingfor both undistorted (uncontrolled) and distorted (controlled) canopy shapes, introducing and computing control derivatives, and providing comparison with the real flight data. The paper provides step-by-step develop- ment of the mathematical model of circular parachute that includes the basic equations of motion, analysis and computation of the aerodynamic forces and moments, and investigation with modeling of special modes observed in flight. It then introduces a new application of a two-step aerodynamic parameters identification algorithm that is based on comparison with two types of the air-drop data (uncontrolled set and controlled one). The paper ends with summary of the obtained results and proposes a vital direction for the further elaboration of the developed model.
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