The forward observer personal computer simulator (FOPCSIM)
Villandre, Michael R.
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This joint thesis addresses the need for a task trainer for the artillery forward observer task. In recent years, declining budgets, limitations on artillery ammunition and encroachment into training areas have reduced the opportunity to conduct live fire artillery training. Simulation systems available to operating forces utilize technology that is several years out of date and none have a deployable configuration. The goal was to develop a proof of concept simulator that uses advanced 3D graphics to replicate the artillery call for fire task. The system utilizes Digital Terrain Elevation Data (DTED) to produce accurate 3D geometry that is further enhanced by the use of color satellite imagery as a texture overlay to produce extremely realistic terrain. The procedures utilized in the FOPCSIM are taken directly from a cognitive task analysis and executed through keyboard, mouse or voice recognition interfaces. The accuracy of these procedures was validated through a series of studies involving military personnel trained as forward observers. A wide variety of mission types, munitions, targets, training areas and environmental effects are available to the user and may be set at the beginning of the simulation or changed during the simulation through a Graphical User Interface.
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