Processing-microstructure relationships in friction stir welding of MA956 oxide dispersion streel
Baker, Bradford W.
Menon, Sarath K.
McNelley, Terry R.
Brewer, Luke N.
Farmer, Joseph C.
Torres, Sharon G.
Mahoney, Murray W.
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A comprehensive set of processing-microstructure relationships is presented for friction stir welded oxide dispersion strengthened MA956 steel. Eight rotational speed/traverse speed combinations were used to produce friction stir welds on MA956 plates using a polycrystalline cubic boron nitride tool. Weld conditions with high thermal input produced defect-free, full- penetration welds. Electron backscatter diﬀraction results showed a signiﬁcant increase in grain size, a persistent body centered cubic torsional texture in the stir zone, and a sharp transition in grain size across the thermo-mechanically aﬀected zone sensitive to weld parameters. Micro- indentation showed an asymmetric reduction in hardness across a transverse section of the weld. This gradient in hardness was greatly increased with higher heat inputs. The decrease in hardness after welding correlates directly with the increase in grain size and may be explained with a Hall–Petch type relationship.
The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40553-014-0033-6
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