Strain-path effects on the evolution of microstructure and texture during the severe-plastic deformation of aluminum
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Microstructure and texture evolution during the severe-plastic deformation (SPD) of unalloyed aluminum were investigated to establish the effect of processing route and purity level on grain reﬁnement and subgrain formation. Two lots of aluminum with different purity levels (99.998 pct Al and 99 pct Al) were subjected to large plastic strains at room temperature via four different deformation processes: equal-channel angular extrusion (ECAE), sheet rolling, conventional conical-die extrusion, and uniaxial compression. Following deformation, microstructures and textures were determined using orientation-imaging microscopy. In commercial-purity aluminum, the various deformation routes yielded an ultraﬁne microstructure with a ;1.5-mm grain size, deduced to have been formed via a dynamic-recovery mechanism. For high-purity aluminum, on the other hand, the minimum grain size produced after the various routes was ;20 mm; the high fraction of high-angle grain boundaries (HAGBs) and the absence of subgrains/deformation bands in the ﬁnal microstructure suggested the occurrence of discontinuous static recrystallization following the large plastic deformation at room temperature. The microstructure differences were underscored by the mechanical properties following four ECAE passes. The yield strength of commercial-purity aluminum quadrupled, whereas the high-purity aluminum showed only a minor increase relative to the annealed condition.
The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02586120
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