Development of nanocrystalline structure in Cu during friction stir processing (FSP)
MetadataShow full item record
The characteristics of microstructures at various locations behind the pin tool extraction site were studied in copper after FSP that had been conducted with continuous quenching to enhance cooling rates. The substructures initially formed around the pin tool consist of very small crystallites having sizes of a few tens of nanometers. It is proposed that the processing conditions result in formation of microband structures around pin tool in the presence of severe strain heterogeneity. The microbands appear as nano- scale elongated crystallites surrounded by high-angle boundaries. The elongated crystallites transform to nearly random oriented and equiaxed grain structures by shape adjustment during the initial stages of cooling from the peak temperature. Nanocrystalline structures ∼174 nm in size were produced in OFHC copper by FSP.