Steam condensation: putting surface tension to work
Marto, Paul J.
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Since 1765, when James Watt conceived the idea of using a separate surface condenser in a steam engine, the condenser has become an important component in steam power systems. Heat rejection in the condenser is vital to a steam power cycle, and condensers are designed to reject heat at the lowest possible vapor temperature (and therefore pressure) so that a high thermo-dynamic efficiency is achieved. In the last century, the surface condenser has evolved considerably as designers have understood more about the complex heat transfer processes which occur when steam flows into a bundle of water-cooled tubes.
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