Assessment of the effectiveness of economic sanctions: The cases of Iran, North Korea, Myanmar, and Cuba
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This study investigates what factors influence the effectiveness of economic sanctions in changing behavior of targeted states. U.S. and UN leaders often turn to economic sanctions rather than military force to achieve international political objectives, believing that sanctions are as effective as, and more humane than, military force. Yet, history has shown the sanctions are often ineffective in altering target states' agendas. This thesis explores the use of sanctions levied against Iran and North Korea, and examines their efficacy in preventing further nuclear proliferation by these two states. These case studies suggest the structure and type of sanctions have limited success driving behavior changes in target states. Other factors--such as the target states' motivation in pursuing a particular policy and features of their political systems, the sanctioning states' ability to punish targeted states' non-compliance, and the role of third-party spoilers, also known as black knights--play a large part in determining the value and outcome of economic sanctions. These findings are supported with a brief examination of attempts to promote democratic reforms in Myanmar and Cuba. The thesis concludes with policy implications.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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Predicting actions taken to counter economic sanctions: an examination of U.S. government financial data collection and its usefulness in determining if foreign governments anticipate economic sanctions : a case study of Iraq. Kotlar, Kim Leslie (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1992);Economic sanctions have been a long-standing policy instrument used by the United States. While much research has been conducted on the effectiveness of sanctions, little has been written on whether governments anticipate ...
Voigt, Bradley D. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1994-12);This thesis examines four responses to Libyan-sponsored terrorism: the 1982 American Embargo, the 1984 American request to Europe for economic sanctions, the 1986 American bombing raid on Tripoli, and the 1992 United Nations ...
Anderson, David A.; Renfro, Robert S. (Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.)Program for Culture and Conflict Studies, 2010-04-01);"This paper serves as a proof-of-concept testing analytic tools for better understanding the efficacy and consequences of economic influence in terms of sanctions and other similar macroeconomic regimes. The underlying ...