Explaining China's evolving policy on UN peacekeeping
Carroll, Jeremy L.
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This thesis aims to illuminate the factors that have contributed to Chinese policy changes regarding UN peacekeeping operations. Using Yongjin Zhang's framework, it identifies four phases of evolution in China's UN peacekeeping participation: opposition, non-interference, cooperation, and participation. The reasons for a state's participation in peacekeeping operations are diverse, ranging from self-interest to altruism. The evolution of Chinese support for UN peacekeeping is derived from its self-interested security concerns and its self-identity in relation to other states. When China believed its security was threatened, it sought opportunities to balance the threat by developing ties with international organizations and powers. Subsequently, as it has grown into those organizations, China has identified itself as a leader within them. China's defense of Westphalian principles of sovereignty creates the impression that China is in opposition to Western powers in their efforts to propose, pass, and execute UN peacekeeping operations. This has led scholars and politicians to question the degree of commitment China has to UN peacekeeping principles and institutions.
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