Peaceful consensus: How China's changing governance structure has affected its use of military force
Jin, Sean J.
MetadataShow full item record
Since Mao Zedong founded the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, it has fought in one major war and several skirmishes, and has frequently used military force in the form of coercive diplomacy. The pattern of China's use of force, however, has steadily declined over time. At the same time, China's domestic politics have reformed from allowing one person high amounts of consolidated policy-making power to more institutionalized consensus-based governance. Do the changes in domestic political structure have a pacifying effect on China's foreign policy? In other words, is it a cause of China's declining use of force? Through analyzing China's responses to the Korean War, the three Taiwan Strait Crises (1954–1955, 1958, and 1995–1996), and the period of cross-strait relations in 1999-2002, this thesis finds that China's reactions to similar types of threats have become more pacific over time, in part because of its shift to consensus-based governance, but that another major explaining factor is China's increased economic interdependence with the United States. The relationship that this thesis describes between China's domestic political-power consolidation and the aggressiveness of its foreign policy is especially relevant as the current leader of China, Xi Jinping, has more centralized political power than any PRC leader since Mao. American China watchers and policy makers should be cognizant to whether Xi accumulates more power, or shows signs of diverging from the institutionalized reforms, as it may have an effect on the PRC's foreign policy assertiveness.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
King, Paula J.; Roberts, Nancy C. (Council of State Governments, 1987);In Minnesota, Gov. Rudy Perpich and an ad hoc group of eight policy entrepreneurs - advocates of innovation policy ideas - altered the contours of the educational policy debate. Policymakers in others states responses to ...
Michael, James Bret; Ong, Vanessa L.; Rowe, Neil C. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2001);Organizations are policy-driven entities. Policy bases can be very large and the relationships between policies can be complex. In addition, policy can change on a frequent basis. Checking for gaps in policy or analyzing ...
An architecture and prototype system for automatically processing natural-language statements of policy Ong, Vanessa L. (2001-03);Organizations are policy-driven entities. Policy bases can be very large and complex; these factors are compounded by the dynamic nature of policy evolution. Thus, comprehension of the ramifications of both policy modification ...