Balancing democratic civilian control with effectiveness of intellignce in Romania: Lessons learned and best/worst practices before and after NATO and EU integration
Matei, Florina Cristiana (Cris)
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This article reviews Romania’s intelligence reform after 1989. Specifically, it looks at intelligence reform before and after Romania’s accession to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 2004, and the European Union (EU) in 2007. It finds that Romania has made considerable progress in intelligence reform. That is because Romania, which expressed its desire and commitment to join NATO/EU after 1989, has worked hard to comply with these organizations’ membership demands (including intelligence reform). After NATO/EU integration (when demands on balancing control and effectiveness virtually vanished), despite continued openness efforts made by agencies, control/oversight diluted. Thus, post-NATO/EU, while effectiveness is being strengthened, democratic control lessens.
The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02684527.2014.915180
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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