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dc.contributor.authorYoung, Thomas-Durell
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-16T21:18:03Z
dc.date.available2017-10-16T21:18:03Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.citationT.-D. Young, "the failure of defense planning in European post-Communist Defense Institutionis: ascertaining causation and determining solutions," Journal of Strategic Studies, (2007).en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/56091
dc.descriptionThe article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01402390.2017.1307743en_US
dc.description.abstractBy any objective measure, defense institutions in Central and Eastern Europe have all but universally been incapable of producing viable defense plans that are based on objective costing and operational planning data. This situation exists in spite the provision of considerable Western advice and assistance, let alone reporting to and receiving assessments by NATO’s International Staff under Partnership for Peace, as well as via the integrated defense planning and reporting systems. An explanation for this systematic failure across European post-Communist defense institutions can be found in the continued slow development of an over-arching policy framework which directs and approves all activities of the armed forces, as well as the de-centralization of financial decision-making down to capability providers. The essay ends with an examination of the adverse effects of the early introduction of planning programming, budgeting system (PPBS), have had on the development of effective policy and planning capabilities within these defense institutions.en_US
dc.format.extent27 p.en_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.en_US
dc.titleThe failure of defense planning in European Post-Communist Defense Institutions: ascertaining causation and determining solutionsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.corporateNaval Postgraduate School (U.S.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentNational Security Affairsen_US
dc.subject.authorCentral/Eastern Europeen_US
dc.subject.authorPost-communismen_US
dc.subject.authorDefense planningen_US
dc.subject.authorPlanningen_US
dc.subject.authorProgrammingen_US
dc.subject.authorBudgetingen_US
dc.subject.authorExecution (System PPBS)en_US


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