Contrasting the impacts of combat and humanitarian assistance/disaster relief missions on the mental health of military service members
Cunha, Jesse M.
Burke, Zachary R.
MetadataShow full item record
We study the differential impacts of combat and humanitarian assistance/disaster relief (HA/DR) missions on the mental health of U.S. Marine Corps members. The deployment experiences of any individual Marine are plausibly random conditional on the observable characteristics which are used to assign Marines into units. Leveraging this exogenous variation, we compare the incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suicide deaths among Marines who deployed to either Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) or HA/DR missions between 2001 and 2011. We find that the hazard of PTSD is close to eight times higher among Marines returning from OEF/OIF compared to those never deployed, and just 1.33 times higher among those returning from HA/DR (and never participated in OEF/OIF). Those returning from OEF/OIF missions are 1.81 times more likely than those never deployed to die by suicide when they were still active duty, and the hazard increases to almost 3 after they have left the military. In contrast, we find no difference in the hazards of suicide death between those that deployed to only HA/DR missions and non-deployed Marines.
The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10242694.2017.1349365
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Shen, Yu-Chu; Cunha, Jesse; Blankenship, Neeta Serena; Shepherd, Kristen (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2015);Since 2010, U.S. Navy suicides have been increasing, gaining considerable attention from the Secretary of Defense. Although each case is a result of a unique series of events, several observable factors can contribute to ...
Blankenship, Neeta Serena; Shepherd, Kristin M. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2015-03);We analyze the role of service-specific and mental health risk factors in active duty and reserve component Navy enlisted and officer suicide attempts and deaths from 2002 to 2011. We estimate the effect of non-demographic, ...
Dearing, Matthew (Naval Postgraduate School (U.S.)Program for Culture and Conflict Studies, 2008-06-12);"What is behind the surge of Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) and suicide attacks in Afghanistan? Suicide attacks in particular are a recent phenomenon in Afghanistan, increasing by 42 percent from 2006 to 2007. This ...