Signature morphology effects of squint angle for arbitrarily moving surface targets in spotlight synthetic aperture radar
Garren, David Alan
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This investigation examines the phenomenology effects of the squint angle on the morphology of moving target smears in spotlight synthetic aperture radar (SAR). This analysis includes both the smears resulting from standard image formation applied to simulated radar measurements as well as the theoretical predictions for the central contours of the signatures. In particular, this paper generates the down-range and cross-range components of the predicted central 2-D contours of mover signatures, including the locations of the cross-range offsets. The analytics for squinted geometry include additional contributions in the signature contour equations that do not arise for the case of broadside imaging. These terms can affect the overall contour morphology, particularly in terms of shape and extent. Numerous examples are presented to demonstrate that the signature prediction equations yield excellent agreement with standard image formation with simulated radar data. Therefore, this analysis can provide an effective tool in predicting the shape, extent, and location of smears due to arbitrarily moving surface targets for squinted spotlight SAR.
The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2015.2436371