Beyond Istanbul's 'Laz Underworld': Ottoman paramilitarism and the rise of Turkish organized crime 1908-1950
MetadataShow full item record
Although the Turkish mafia is increasingly recognised as a powerful force in the ongoing trade in weapons, narcotics and people in Europe and beyond, there are few critical histories of organised crime’s origins in Turkey. Rather than present some pedantic general survey of the history of organized crime in modern Turkey, this essay attempts to address two broader critical points of departure. First, how did Anatolia’s journey from imperial to republican rule impact, and how was it impacted by, criminal gangs? Second, how do we situate the experience of modern gangs in Turkey in a global context? In attempting to answer these questions, this paper looks at the development of criminal syndicates among Laz migrants in the greater Istanbul area during the first half of the twentieth century. The case of the Laz shows particularly how war, migration, imperial politics, urbanisation and the rise of the international drug trade shaped the parallel development of organised crime and the nascent Turkish Republic.
The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0960777310000135
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Pehlivan, Abdi (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2008-12);Relations between Turkey and European integration institutions began with Turkey's application for associate membership in the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1959. Turkey applied for full membership in the EEC in ...
Al, Guray. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2001-12);Unlike most of its NATO allies, Turkey did not emerge from the Cold War with enhanced security. The acquisition of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and ballistic missiles by its neighbors in the Middle Eastâ Iran, Iraq ...
Scheer, Aaron M. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2009-03);Turkey's relationships with the West, particularly its relationship with Western security institutions, are today more important than ever. As the United States fights two wars in the region and attempts to rebuild its ...