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dc.contributor.authorGingeras, Ryan
dc.date.accessioned2017-12-12T19:16:39Z
dc.date.available2017-12-12T19:16:39Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.citationR. Gingeras, "In the hunt for the "Sultans of Smack:" dope, gangsters and the construction of the Turkish deep state," Middle East Journal, v.65, no.3 (Summer 2011), pp. 426-441.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/56434
dc.description.abstractThis article traces the development and evolution of the Turkish heroin trade against the backdrop of the Republic of Turkey’s long transition from imperial core to nation-state. In taking up heroin’s relationship to modern Turkey, I would like to specifically explore the meaning and manifestations of what many inside and outside of academia have called the “deep state.” Heroin, I argue, was and is one of the most vital enablers of the factional “deep state” rivalries that compete for power in Ankara, adding a steady violent dimension to local and national politics.en_US
dc.format.extent16 p.en_US
dc.publisherMiddle East Instituteen_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.en_US
dc.titleIn the hunt for the "Sultans of Smack:" dope, gangsters and the construction of the Turkish deep stateen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.corporateNaval Postgraduate School (U.S.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentNational Security Affairsen_US


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