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dc.contributor.authorThomson, Jim
dc.contributor.authorFan, Yalin
dc.contributor.authorStammerjohn, Sharon
dc.contributor.authorStopa, Justin
dc.contributor.authorRogers, W. Erick
dc.contributor.authorGirard-Ardhuin, Fanny
dc.contributor.authorArdhuin, Fabrice
dc.contributor.authorShen, Hayley
dc.contributor.authorPerrie, Will
dc.contributor.authorShen, Hui
dc.contributor.authorAckley, Steve
dc.contributor.authorBabanin, Alex
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Qingxiang
dc.contributor.authorGuest, Peter
dc.contributor.authorMaksym, Ted
dc.contributor.authorWadhams, Peter
dc.contributor.authorFairall, Chris
dc.contributor.authorPersson, Ola
dc.contributor.authorDoble, Martin
dc.contributor.authorGraber, Hans
dc.contributor.authorLund, Bjoern
dc.contributor.authorSquire, Vernon
dc.contributor.authorGemmrich, Johannes
dc.contributor.authorLehner, Susanne
dc.contributor.authorHolt, Benjamin
dc.contributor.authorMeylan, Mike
dc.contributor.authorBrozena, John
dc.contributor.authorBidlot, Jean-Raymond
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-09T23:11:33Z
dc.date.available2018-01-09T23:11:33Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationJ. Thomson, et al, "Emerging trends in the sea state of the Beaufort and Chukchi seas," Ocean Modelling, v. 105, (2016), pp. 1-12.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/56624
dc.descriptionThe article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2016.02.009en_US
dc.description.abstractThe sea state of the Beaufort and Chukchi seas is controlled by the wind forcing and the amount of ice-free water available to generate surface waves. Clear trends in the annual duration of the open water season and in the extent of the seasonal sea ice minimum suggest that the sea state should be increasing independent of changes in the wind forcing. Wave model hindcasts from four selected years spanning recent conditions are consistent with this expectation. In particular, larger waves are more common in years with less summer sea ice and/or a longer open water season, and peak wave periods are generally longer. The increase in wave energy may affect both the coastal zones and the remaining summer ice pack, as well as delay the autumn ice-edge advance. However, trends in the amount of wave energy impinging on the ice-edge are inconclusive, and the associated processes, especially in the autumn period of new ice formation, have yet to be well-described by in situ observations. There is an implicit trend and evidence for increasing wave energy along the coast of northern Alaska, and this coastal signal is corroborated by satellite altimeter estimates of wave energy.en_US
dc.format.extent12 p.en_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.en_US
dc.titleEmerging trends in the sea state of the Beaufort and Chukchi seasen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.corporateNaval Postgraduate School (U.S.)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMeteorologyen_US
dc.subject.authorSea iceen_US
dc.subject.authorArctic Oceanen_US
dc.subject.authorOcean surface wavesen_US


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