Reform of program budgeting in the Department of Defense
Jones, Lawrence R.
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The PPBE system is the policy development, resource planning, and budgeting process for national defense. This paper reviews and evaluates changes made from PPB to PPBE. The change to PPBE merged separate programming and budget reviews into a single review cycle, done simultaneously rather than sequentially. Second, it incorporated a biennial budget process matched to national electoral cycles. Major strategic changes would be made in the second and fourth year of a Presidential term and minimal updating change made in the first and third years. Third, it fixed timing of the process so that planning and budgeting were clearly derivative processes driven by the Quadrennial Defense Review and the National Military Strategy. Fourth, it changed the cycle for Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) provision of the top level planning information to the military departments and services from annual to biennial. The result of these changes was to create a two-year decision cycle with a complete review in year one followed by limited incremental review in year two. This was meant to decrease turbulence and reduce unnecessary re-making of decisions. The desired outcome was that decisions would be made more quickly and provide the right defense products faster, while the off-year would help improve the focus on budget execution.
NPS Report NumberNPS-GSBPP-04-002
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McCaffery, Jerry; Jones, Lawrence (2007-11-01); NPS-AM-07-122This report serves three purposes. Our first purpose is to assess the future of the Planning, Programming, Budgeting and Execution System (PPBES) and related budget reforms and to suggest that it may take more that a ...
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