Rebel integration in conflict settlements: past lessons and the prospects of MILF reintegration
Estrera, Allen Van L.
Lai, Justin Wei Liang
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This thesis examines the rebel reintegration programs of the peace agreement between the government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). The study involves a broad analysis of lessons learned in previous rebel integration programs and an in-depth evaluation of successful and failed disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) programs in selected conflict settlement cases. The case studies include the civil war settlements in Zimbabwe, Rwanda, and Sierra Leone as well as the peace accord between the Philippine government and the Moro National Liberation Front. The analyses of these cases are used to assess the policy direction of the current rebel integration program with the largest and the last remaining secessionist group in the Philippines--MILF. The study also develops a prognosis about future problems and opportunities in the implementation of the rebel reintegration program specified in the Comprehensive Agreement of the Bangsamoro (CAB), which was a product of the peace accord entered between the GRP and MILF. Though the CAB presents an all-inclusive peace agreement that suggests a likelihood of sustainable peace, its DDR program follows a totally different path of reintegrating the rebels, making it a determining factor in the outcome of the peace deal. This study determines the issues and prospects of the MILF reintegration program that will aid in formulating policy interventions to increase the prospect of implementation success.
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