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dc.contributor.advisorWoodbury, Glen
dc.contributor.advisorFernandez, Lauren
dc.contributor.authorGriggs, Rick
dc.dateDec-17
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-07T20:37:28Z
dc.date.available2018-02-07T20:37:28Z
dc.date.issued2017-12
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/56930
dc.description.abstractFire departments often respond to incidents at crowded events with no prior planning or coordination with other agencies. The result can be decreased safety for patrons at the events. The purpose of this thesis is to understand causes of injuries at crowded, outside venues and what could make these events safer. This thesis asks how fire department personnel can plan for the safety and care of large crowds at outside venues. The research design includes a review of literature on crowd dynamics and example incidents. Using root cause analysis, this thesis analyzes four case studies: 1989 Hillsborough soccer match, 2011 Reno Air Race, the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing, and 2014 Travis Air Force Base Air Show. The success of the Reno Air Race and Boston Marathon rescue personnel in taking care of injured victims can be attributed to careful planning by stakeholders before the events took place. This thesis recommends that before large, crowded events, stakeholders establish relationships and that all stakeholders participate in careful planning and realistic training. This planning and training should include interoperability of communications, roles for volunteer staff, and ways to prevent and decrease overcrowding. Finally, this thesis recommends strategies to educate event patrons on safety.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://archive.org/details/firedepartmentpe1094556930
dc.publisherMonterey, California: Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.rightsCopyright is reserved by the copyright owner.en_US
dc.titleFire department perspective: crowd dynamics and safety at outside eventsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentNational Security Affairs (NSA)
dc.subject.authorroot cause analysisen_US
dc.subject.authorcrowded venuesen_US
dc.subject.authorlarge venuesen_US
dc.subject.authorcrowd crushen_US
dc.subject.authorcrowd dynamicsen_US
dc.subject.authorNational Transportation Safety Boarden_US
dc.subject.authorcrowd densityen_US
dc.subject.authorevent planningen_US
dc.subject.authorSacramento Metropolitan Fire Districten_US
dc.subject.authorSacramento Metro Fireen_US
dc.description.serviceBattalion Chief, Battalion 9 A Shift, Sacramento Metropolitan Fire Districten_US
etd.thesisdegree.nameMaster of Arts in Security Studies (Homeland Security and Defense)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelMastersen_US
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineSecurity Studies (Homeland Security and Defense)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.description.distributionstatementApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.


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