The Budapest memorandum and Russia's Intervention in Ukraine
MetadataShow full item record
The Budapest Memorandum won attention in 2014 as an early casualty of the Ukraine crisis. The memorandum concerning Ukraine was one of three almost identically worded statements issued in December 1994, alongside similar documents for Belarus and Kazakhstan. Meeting in the margins of the Budapest summit of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE),1 Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States extended security assurances to Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine in return for their acceding to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) as non-nuclear weapon states (NNWS) and transferring all the Soviet-made nuclear warheads on their territory to Russia.2 China and France issued separate and distinct statements regarding their security assurances in this connection.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Kendall, Kyle Oliver (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2015-12);Russia consistently exploits ethnic divides in its foreign policy strategy, specifically against states in its near abroad. Georgia and Ukraine have been on the receiving end of this strategy for most of their post-Soviet ...
Sullivan, Kyle A. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2015-06);The Ukraine crisis underway since November 2013 is a significant occurrence in a greater debate over what norms will prevail in the European—and global—security environment. The roots of the crisis lie in two-and-a-half ...
Oswald, Mace J. (2002-12);"Independent since 1991, Ukraine continues to struggle to improve its political stability and economic strength. Because of Ukraine's geographic proximity to and intertwined history with Russia, Ukrainian leaders measure ...