Biological and Environmental Research Exascale Requirements Review
Bader, David C.
Papka, Michael E.
Bradford, Mark A.
Ma, Hsi -Yen
McCue, Lee Ann
McInnes, Lois Curfman
Molins Rafa, Sergi
Moulton, David J.
Oh, Sang -Yun
Pau, George S. H.
Tantillo, D. J.
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Understanding the fundamentals of genomic systems or the processes governing impactful weather patterns are examples of the types of simulation and modeling performed on the most advanced computing resources in America. High-performance computing and computational science together provide a necessary platform for the mission science conducted by the Biological and Environmental Research (BER) office at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). This report reviews BER’s computing needs and their importance for solving some of the toughest problems in BER’s portfolio. BER’s impact on science has been transformative. Mapping the human genome, including the U.S.-supported international Human Genome Project that DOE began in 1987, initiated the era of modern biotechnology and genomics-based systems biology. And since the 1950s, BER has been a core contributor to atmospheric, environmental, and climate science research, beginning with atmospheric circulation studies that were the forerunners of modern Earth system models (ESMs) and by pioneering the implementation of climate codes onto high-performance computers. See http://exascaleage.org/ber/ for more information.
The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/1375720An Office of Science review sponsored jointly by Advanced Scientific Computing Research and Biological and Environmental Research, March 28-31, 2016, Rockville, Maryland
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