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dc.contributor.advisorDahl, Erik
dc.contributor.authorMeyer, Michael T.
dc.dateMar-18
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-01T20:09:44Z
dc.date.available2018-06-01T20:09:44Z
dc.date.issued2018-03
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/58343
dc.descriptionApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited
dc.description.abstractToday’s global community needs a better answer to the problem of jihadist violence. The threat continues to change, which often leaves states unprepared for the next violent event. This thesis illuminates one part of the discussion by addressing the following question: Why did France face an increased terror threat in 2012, when 10 years prior to this, it was widely praised for its effective counterterrorism efforts? This work recognizes a new version of global Salafist jihad, which manifests in a decentralized, transnational movement and uses social media to perpetuate a narrative of civilizational conflict. Then, an analysis of the dynamics of state-societal interaction in France prior to 2012 is used to identify three undercurrents that new terrorism could leverage. First, a review of the history of French Muslim political activism reveals that their success in winning concessions from the state is limited. Second, an increasing number of second-generation Muslim youth are unable to identify with either Eastern or Western culture. Third, France’s record of exceptionally Westernized Muslim sentiment likely antagonizes jihadist ideologues. By this framework, jihadists are motivated to recruit wayward youth with a narrative of renewed identity and purpose in jihad.
dc.description.urihttp://archive.org/details/newterrorisminfr1094558343
dc.publisherMonterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
dc.titleNew terrorism in France
dc.typeThesis
dc.contributor.secondreaderShore, Zachary
dc.contributor.departmentNational Security Affairs (NSA)
dc.subject.authornew terrorism
dc.subject.authorFrance
dc.subject.authorMuslim
dc.subject.authorIslam
dc.subject.authorleaderless jihad
dc.subject.authorlone wolf
dc.subject.authormedia
dc.subject.authoridentity
dc.subject.authoranthropology
dc.subject.authorcounterterror
dc.subject.authorMerah
dc.subject.authorinvestigative magistrate
dc.subject.authorIslamist
dc.subject.authorreligion
dc.description.serviceLieutenant Colonel, United States Marine Corps
etd.thesisdegree.nameMaster of Arts in Security Studies (Europe and Eurasia)
etd.thesisdegree.levelMasters
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineSecurity Studies (Europe and Eurasia)
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate School
dc.identifier.thesisid29978


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