Did inequality increase in transition? : an analysis of the transitional countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia
RoÌ zsaÌ s, TamaÌ s.
Henderson, David R.
McNab, Robert M.
MetadataShow full item record
Parallel to the process of democratization, the former socialist countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia have shown an increase in measured income inequality during their transition from centrally-planned to a market-oriented economy. Since the behavior of these countries contradicted previous models of inequality, researchers analyzing the transition process linked the increase in income inequality to the egalitarian values of socialism and to the process of economic and political liberalization. This thesis questions the validity of the above statement based on three pillars. First, other factors, from economic convulsions to the revaluation of natural resources, violent conflicts, corruption, and the expansion of organized crime, have been more closely linked than democratization to changes in income inequality. Second, data quality was generally poor in socialist countries, and extremely poor in several socialist countries, and have improved during the transition in most countries, usually without proper documentation of the changes. Finally, the analysis of the origins of today's income inequality shows that the magnitude and effect of hidden inequalities in the socialist past were highly underestimated. In short, an increase in income inequality caused by democratization is not likely, while hidden inequalities in the socialist era could even be higher than today's measured inequality.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Did inequality increase in transition?: an analysis of the transitional countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia Rozsas, Tamas. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2002-06);Parallel to the process of democratization, the former socialist countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia have shown an increase in measured income inequality during their transition from centrally-planned to a ...
Aybar, Celil (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2013-12);Income inequalities constitute visible manifestations of differences in living standards within each country. High levels of income inequalities indicate a waste of human resources in the form of a large share of the ...
Parker, Kevin J (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1997);This thesis argues that the Internet is likely to he a strong, positive facilitating factor for the transition to and consolidation of democracy for states in Southeast Asia. U.S. policy makers intent on promoting democracy ...