Nuclear Logics in Latin America: Going Beyond the Usual (DRAFT)
Sotomayor Velázquez, Arturo C.
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Although little studied as a laboratory for nuclear management, Latin America is a particularly appropriate place on which to focus issues of nuclear proliferation. Numerous Latin American states have historically followed different nuclear paths and logics, ranging from covert (Argentina) to overt nuclear strategies (Brazil), as well as non-proliferation strategies (Mexico). In spite of these variations, little is known as to why so many similar states in Latin America have followed such diverse and dissimilar nuclear patterns. This project attempts to explain divergent nuclear logics by examining how the evolution of civil-military relations has shaped regional nuclear policy preferences. Since most nuclear weapon projects in Latin America were once handled by military institutions, we need to know how the armed forces and their civilian counterparts have grappled for control over nuclear policy during different historical periods. In particular, we need to know how civilian control of the armed forces affects (or not) nuclear strategies.
DRAFTPrepared for delivery at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, February 15-20, 2010
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