Environmental Effects on Naval Warfare Simulations
Chu, Peter C.
Gottshall, Eric L.
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Environmental effects have long been accepted as having an impact both on the tactical use of naval warfare platforms and on the naval warfare decision making process. Increased use of modeling and simulations (M&S) for training and analysis requires better understanding of the unique attributes of meteorological and oceanographic (METOC) data and its application in M&S. The well-developed field of forecasting METOC variation over time can be leveraged to better optimize METOC data flow into NWS through the application of information entropy techniques. A large-scale and a small-scale naval warfare simulation (NWS) represented by a RESA Pacific Rim scenario and the SAFECUR magnetic mine sweeping tactical decision aid (IDA), respectively, are evaluated for sensitivity to METOc' variation·. Incompatibility of spatial and temporal scales and abstraction levels between METOC information and NWS applications is noted. Results of the studies indicate that many tactical effects of METOC variation may be transparent to command and control measures of effectiveness. Validation and verification of IDA's must include studies of sensitivity .to full spectrum METOC variation . Averaging or linearly interpolating values over unknown regions is unwise given observed METOC data's non-linear characterisitcs.