Convexity in Tree Spaces
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We study the geometry of metrics and convexity structures on the space of phylogenetic trees, which is here realized as the tropical linear space of all ultrametrics. The CAT(0) metric of Billera–Holmes–Vogtman arises from the theory of orthant spaces. While its geodesics can be computed by the Owen–Provan algorithm, geodesic triangles are complicated. We show that the dimension of such a triangle can be arbitrarily high. Tropical convexity and the tropical metric exhibit properties that are desirable for geometric statistics, such as geodesics of small depth.
The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1137/16M1079841
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