A HALF CENTURY OF INSURGENCY: THE ONGOING EFFORTS OF THE PHILIPPINES TO QUELL THE INSURGENCY IN THE SOUTH
Mitchell, Eric L.
Malley, Michael S.
Mabry, Tristan J.
MetadataShow full item record
The Southern Philippines has remained embroiled in insurgency for nearly 50 years. This thesis traces the insurgency through three distinct phases: the first two phases represent an ethno-nationalist insurgency, and the latest phase results from a qualitative shift toward a Pan-Islamic insurgency. While the Philippine government successfully ended the first two phases, the third phase of insurgency is composed of disparate groups that are linked to global jihadist organizations. Using a comparative study of Russia's counterinsurgency efforts in Chechnya, this thesis examines why the Philippine government has not yet successfully ended the decades-long insurgency. The Philippine and Chechen cases have numerous similarities, showing a comparable pattern of insurgency. However, the two countries waged drastically different counterinsurgency campaigns, and the two cases have divergent outcomes. This thesis finds that Russia's "Chechenization" strategy, which decentralized the counterinsurgency and pushed counterinsurgency functions down to the local level, was the cornerstone of its success. In the Philippines, counterinsurgency efforts have remained mostly centralized under the armed forces of the Philippines, with no serious effort made to localize them. This suggests that the Philippines may need to consider employing a localization strategy in order to defeat the current insurgency.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Counterinsurgency meets soft power an alternative approach to deterring terrorist recruitment in Mindanao Williams, John C. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2008-12);Terrorist activity in Southeast Asia remains a challenge to U.S. national security. In particular, terrorist organizations in the Philippines continue to conduct deadly attacks and attract more recruits despite U.S. and ...
PenÌ a, Leonardo I. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2007-06);This paper analyzes the current Philippine counterinsurgency strategy in relation to the Philippine government past experiences of fighting insurgency nationwide. The Philippine government recognizes insurgency as a ...
Osleson, Jason T. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2007-03);Asia, the conflict between the Philippine government and the communist insurgents has claimed the lives of an estimated 40,000+. This thesis will examine aspects of the Philippine government, the Communist Party of the ...