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dc.contributor.advisorEverton, Sean F.
dc.contributor.advisorLee, Doowan
dc.contributor.authorWegersjoe, Fredrik
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-24T22:34:48Z
dc.date.available2018-08-24T22:34:48Z
dc.date.issued2018-06
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/59619
dc.descriptionApproved for public release. distribution is unlimiteden_US
dc.description.abstractAlthough well-established indicators make it possible to predict hostile conventional military actions, few such indicators exist to help defense planners anticipate the onset of subversive activities by foreign adversaries. In the 21st century, however, Western societies have often been targeted by adversaries who exploit environmental aspects of the gray zone to subvert the democratic process and influence decision making. The use of non-state actors and social mobilization as well as non-military tactics, such as political, psychological, and information strategies, have frequently escalated to crises due to lack of situational awareness. This research provides a brief overview of the gray-zone literature, social movement theories (SMT), and social network analysis/social media exploitation to show how these theories and methods can enhance our understanding of current crises. Based on case studies of Ukraine and Estonia, this research uses SMT to conceptualize, examine, and identify early indicators of Russian subversive actions by carefully analyzing how gray-zone conflicts emerge.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://archive.org/details/illuminatingtheg1094559619
dc.publisherMonterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.rightsCopyright is reserved by the copyright owner.en_US
dc.titleILLUMINATING THE GRAY ZONE: USING SOCIAL MOVEMENT THEORY TO DETECT EARLY SIGNS OF SUBVERSIVE THREATSen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDefense Analysis (DA)
dc.subject.authorgray zoneen_US
dc.subject.authorRussiaen_US
dc.subject.authorsubversionen_US
dc.subject.authorsocial movement theoryen_US
dc.subject.authornon-state actoren_US
dc.subject.authorearly indicatorsen_US
dc.subject.authorproxy warfareen_US
dc.subject.authorUkraineen_US
dc.subject.authorhuman domainen_US
dc.subject.authorsocial mobilizationen_US
dc.description.serviceCaptain, Sweden Marine Corpsen_US
etd.thesisdegree.nameMaster of Science in Defense Analysis (Irregular Warfare)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelMastersen_US
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineDefense Analysis (Irregular Warfare)en_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.identifier.thesisid30527


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