Testing the Tube Super-Dielectric Material Hypothesis: Increased Energy Density Using NaCl
Cortes, Francisco Javier Quintero
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The focus of the present work is the evaluation of the low-frequency dielectric performance of titanium dioxide nanotube arrays, created by anodization, filled with aqueous NaCl solutions. At low frequency (ca.<10¯² Hz), capacitors made up of this so-called tube super-dielectric material were found to have extreme dielectric constants, greater than 1 billion. The same capacitors also registered unprecedented energy densities, nearly 400 J/cm³ better than that observed (<250 J/cm³) for the same type of anodized titania filled with an aqueous solution of NaNO₃, and about an order of magnitude better than commercial supercapacitors. Sufficient data were collected to propose a correlation relating dielectric thickness and salt concentration to overall energy density.
The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11664-016-4843-4