Associations Between Traumatic Brain Injury, Suspected Psychiatric Conditions, and Unemployment in Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans
Pogoda, Terri K.
Stolzmann, Kelly L.
Iverson, Katherine M.
Lew, Henry L.
Amara, Jomana H.
MetadataShow full item record
Objective: To examine the relations among demographic characteristics, traumatic brain injury (TBI) history, suspected psychiatric conditions, current neurobehavioral health symptoms, and employment status in Veterans evaluated for TBI in the Department of Veterans Affairs. Study Design: Retrospective cross-sectional database review of comprehensive TBI evaluations documented between October 2007 and June 2009. Participants: Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans (n = 11 683) who completed a comprehensive TBI evaluation. Main Measures: Veterans Affairs clinicians use the comprehensive TBI evaluations to obtain information about TBI-related experiences, current neurobehavioral symptoms, and to identify suspected psychiatric conditions. Results: Approximately one-third of Veterans in this sample were unemployed, and of these, the majority were looking for work. After simultaneously adjusting for health and deployment-related variables, significant factors associated with unemployment included one or more suspected psychiatric conditions (eg, posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression), neurobehavioral symptom severity (ie, affective, cognitive, vestibular), former active duty status, injury etiology, age, lower education, and marital status. The associations of these factors with employment status varied by deployment-related TBI severity. Conclusions: Simultaneously addressing health-related, educational, and/or vocational needs may fill a critical gap for helping Veterans readjust to civilian life and achieve their academic and vocational potential.
The article of record as published may be located at http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HTR. 0000000000000092
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Predictors of Employment Status in Male and Female Post-9/11 Veterans Evaluated for Traumatic Brain Injury Amara, Jomana H.; Stolzmann, Kelly L.; Iverson, Katherine M.; Pogoda, Terri K. (Wolters Kluwer Health, 2018);The goal of this study was to investigate predictors of employment status in male and female post- 9/11 Veterans evaluated for traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the Veterans Health Administration. Prior research suggests ...
Anticipating the Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Health Care Needs of Women Veterans After the Department of Defense Change in Combat Assignment Policy Amara, Jomana; Iverson, Katherine M.; Krengel, Maxine; Pogoda, Terri K.; Hendricks, Ann (Elsevier, 2013-12-10);Background: Female service members’ presence in combat zones during Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom is unprecedented both in terms of the number of women deployed and the nature of their involvement. In ...
Wagner, Christinea M. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2017-06);A collaborative project between Naval Postgraduate School (NPS), Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System (VAPAHCS), Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center (DVBIC), and neuroFit Inc., was developed to: 1) assess the ...