VLF space transmitter
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A practical operational system for communicating with submarines located at high latitudes, particularly those under the ice cap, is described. A 10-20-km dipole is deployed which utilized tether technology and which operated at 1-3 kHz. A pair of hollow-cathode-based plasma sources, establishing contact between the ends of the tether system and the ambient plasma, allows utilization of the natural dynamo effect of the tether. It is suggested that a 12-satellite constellation in quasi-polar orbit at 500-1000 km altitude could provide coverage for a 4 million sq km area at 75 percent duty cycle.
SEE A89-40176 17-123rd International Conference on Tethers in Space - Toward Flight; May 17-19, 1989; San Francisco, CA; United States
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