Progress in the prediction of unsteady heat transfer on turbines blades
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Progress toward developing a general method for predicting unsteady heat transfer on turbine blades subject to blade-passing frequencies and Reynolds numbers relevant to the Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) is discussed. The method employs an invisid/viscous interactive procedure which has been tested extensively for steady subsonic and transonic external airfoil problems. One such example is shown. The agreement with experimental data and with Navier-Stokes calculations yields confidence in the method. The technique is extended to account for wake generated unsteadiness. The flow reversals around the stagnation point caused by the nonuniform onset velocity are accounted for by using the Characteristic Box scheme developed by Cebeci and Stewartson. The coupling between the inviscid and viscous methods is achieved by using a special procedure, which, with a novel inverse finite-difference boundary-layer method, allows the calculations to be performed for a wide range of flow conditions, including separation. Preliminary results are presented for the stagnation region of turbine blades for both laminar and turbulent flows. A laminar model problem corresponding to a flow on a circular cylinder which experiences the periodic passing of wakes from turbine blades is presented to demonstrate the ability of the method to calculate flow reversals around the stagnation region.
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