Web-based collaboration technology and requirements for peace operations
Spivey, Madalyn A.
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Peace Operations include Peace Making, Peace Building, and Peace Support. Although information-sharing systems may exist within individual organizations, to date no interoperable information regime exists that can link all players who participate in providing aid during a Complex Humanitarian Emergency. Effective information sharing between civilian and military organizations is needed to enhance operational efficiencies, therefore saving lives, resources, and promoting rapid recuperation and reconstruction. An off-the-shelf collaborative software package with a common architecture and common templates, standard protocols, and centralized database might initially serve as a collaboration platform. Extensible Markup Language (XML,) XML-based languages, and Resource Description Framework (RDF) are important technologies that must be utilized extensively to enable this environment. Additionally, WebDAV (Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning) integration can provide an infrastructure for platform-neutral asynchronous collaborative authoring via the Internet. Internationalization (I18N) and localization (L10N) addresses differences in language requirements and local expectations that reflect our differences in cultures. Existing collaboration COTS architectures form a basis with which developers can integrate XML technologies. The "Ideal" collaborative environment must include asynchronous and synchronous collaboration capabilities, as well as capabilities that will enable users to rapidly locate personnel, organize and conduct virtual teams and meetings, provide information delivery to personnel, and provide sufficient security mechanisms.