A DCT-based image watermarking algorithm robust to cropping and compression
Pieper, Ron J.
Jenn, David C.
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Digital watermarking is a highly evolving field, which involves the embedding of a certain kind of information under a digital object (image, video, audio) for the purpose of copyright protection. Both the image and the watermark are most frequently translated into a transform domain where the embedding takes place. The selection of both the transform domain and the particular algorithm that is used for the embedding of the watermark, depend heavily on the application. One of the most widely used transform domains for watermarking of still digital images is the Discrete Cosine Transform domain. The reason is that the Discrete Cosine Transform is a part of the JPEG standard, which in turn is widely used for storage of digital images. In our research we propose a unique methodfor DCT-based image watermarking. In an effort to achieve robustness to cropping and JPEG compression wehave developed an algorithm for rating the 8.8 blocks of the image DCT coefficients taking into account theirembedding capacity and their spatial location within the image. Our experiments show that the proposed schemeoffers adequate transparency, and works exceptionally well against cropping while at the same time maintainssufficient robustness to JPEG compression.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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