THE ROLE OF THE RULE OF LAW IN THE DEMOCRATIZATION OF CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS AND DEMOCRATIC CONSOLIDATION: A COMPARATIVE CASE STUDY OF MALI AND CHILE
Halladay, Carolyn C.
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This thesis explores the causal relationship between the rule of law, democratization of civil-military relations, and democratic consolidation. This research offers a conceptual framework—developed from existing literature—linking the rule of law to successful democratic consolidation as well as the democratization of civil-military relations. In light of the role of the rule of law in these two areas, this study aspires to identify appropriate courses of action for Mali following the 2012 military coup, to transform its rule of law institutions to ensure the democratization of civil-military relations as well as democratic consolidation. We draw inspiration from Chile, a new democracy that has undergone similar democratic consolidation challenges and opportunities. In this context, this thesis recommends that the Malian government pursue the separation of powers, the restoration of citizens’ trust in the state’s institutions, and the implementation of corruption-free institutions. To this end, Mali should pay a close attention to the parliamentarian oversight of the armed and security forces while keeping these forces under the authority of civilian elected leaders. Moreover, political liberalization, the creation of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and the raising of a free and independent press are important to achieving this goal.
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