AUTONOMOUS SPACECRAFT RENDEZVOUS WITH A TUMBLING OBJECT: APPLIED REACHABILITY ANALYSIS AND GUIDANCE AND CONTROL STRATEGIES
Yakimenko, Oleg A.
Kim, Jae Jun
Cobb, Richard, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, AFIT
MetadataShow full item record
Rendezvous and proximity operations are an essential component of both military and commercial space missions and are rising in complexity. This dissertation presents an applied reachability analysis and develops a computationally feasible autonomous guidance algorithm for the purpose of spacecraft rendezvous and proximity maneuvers around a tumbling object. Recent advancements enable the use of more sophisticated, computation-based algorithms, instead of traditional control methods. These algorithms are desirable for autonomous applications due to their ability to optimize performance and explicitly handle constraints (e.g., safety, control limits). In an autonomous setting, however, some important questions must be answered before an algorithm implementation can be realized. First, the feasibility of a maneuver is addressed by analyzing the fundamental spacecraft relative dynamics. Particularly, a set of initial relative states is computed and visualized from which the desired rendezvous state can be reached (i.e., backward reachability analysis). Second, with the knowledge that a maneuver is feasible, the Model Predictive Control (MPC) framework is utilized to design a stabilizing feedback control law that optimizes performance and incorporates constraints such as control saturation limits and collision avoidance. The MPC algorithm offers a computationally efficient guidance strategy that could potentially be implemented in real-time on-board a spacecraft.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
McCamish, Shawn B. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2007., 2007-12);This research contributes to multiple spacecraft control by developing an autonomous distributed control algorithm for close proximity operations of multiple spacecraft systems, including rendezvous and docking scenarios. ...
Autonomous Distributed LQR/APF Control Algorithm for Multiple Small Spacecraft during Simultaneous Close Proximity Operations McCamish, Shawn; Romano, Marcello; Yun, Xiaoping (2007-08);An autonomous distributed LQR/APF control algorithm for multiple small spacecraft during simultaneous close proximity operations has been developed. This research contributes to the control of multiple small spacecraft for ...
Tube-based robust model predictive control for spacecraft proximity operations in the presence of persistent disturbance Mammarella, M.; Capello, E.; Park, H.; Guglieri, G.; Romano, M. (2018-04);Rendezvous and Proximity Operations (RPOs) of two autonomous spacecraft have been extensively studied in the past years, taking into account both the strict requirements in terms of spacecraft dynamics variations and the ...