What Goes Up Must Come Down: Military Expenditure and Civil Wars
Armey, Laura E.
McNab, Rober M.
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This paper examines the impact of civil war on military expenditure. We employ two measures of military expenditure: the share of military expenditure in general government expenditure and the logarithm of military expenditures. We would reasonably expect a priori that military expenditure as a share of general government expenditure increases during a civil war and that such increases would taper off over the duration of a civil war. We also explore whether the termination of a civil war induces a decline in the share of military expenditure as a share of the general government expenditure in the short-run. We find evidence the of share of military expenditure increases during a civil war and falls in the year succeeding the end of a civil war, and, in particular, if a war ends in a peace treaty. The level of military expenditures, however, rises during civil wars and does not appear to decline in the short-term after the end of a civil war.
The article of record as published may be found at https://doi.org/10.1080/10242694.2017.1405235The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17457289.2017.1394309
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