An Analysis of the effect of graduate education on the job performance of federal (DoD) civilian employees
Mehay, Stephen L.
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The main purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between graduate education and the job performance of DoD civilian employees. The thesis focuses on selected job performance measures for all civilian DoD personnel employed between 1986 and 1999, except for those in the National Imagery and Mapping Agency and direct and indirect hire civilian employees outside the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The Defense Manpower Data Center (DMDC) provided the personnel data. Performance measures that are analyzed include promotion, promotion speed, performance ratings, earnings and retention. Three different techniques are used to estimate performance models. First, ordinary least squares is used to estimate the salary and performance rating models. Second, binary logit regression is used to estimate promotion, retention, and performance rating models. Third, survival analysis using Cox Regression estimates the speed of promotion and the time to separation. The results indicate that employees with a Master's or Doctorate earned more in average salary but experienced lower salary growth than employees with a Bachelor's degree. Also advanced degree holders are promoted more slowly since they enter at a higher GS grade. Higher educated employees were also more likely to leave federal service, but were more likely to receive top ratings and achieve a supervisor position.
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