Data and Analyses in Support of Energy Efficient Base Camp Design [video]
Fisher, William R.
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Contingency base camps have been a fact of life for the Department of Defense (DoD) for many years. Fortunately, analytical capabilities for planning and support of these base camps has steadily improved over time. The Army Materiel Systems Analysis Activity (AMSAA) has focused its improvement efforts on enhanced item-level performance analyses and data support to include the areas of ground vehicle fuel consumption estimates, microgrid performance evaluations, renewable energy trade-offs, and shelter thermal energy requirements. Collaboration with the analytical community has culminated in a common base camp resource known as the Base Camp Component Data Base (BCCDB). This resource provides key, web accessible, foundational base camp component data and has successfully supported several analytical efforts conducted by the Operational Energy Analysis Task Force, Product Director Contingency Basing Infrastructure, and the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). While AMSAA's efforts have focused on item-level performance, USACE, through the development of the Virtual Forward Operating Base (VFOB) software tool, has taken a holistic approach to base camp analyses and incorporated efficiency considerations into master planning and design. VFOB is a CAD-based design tool built that allows 2D drawings of base camp facilities and equipment to be laid out on scaled map layers, connected with cables, hoses, and ducts, and assessed for resource consumption given the specific operational and environmental scenario under which the camp is expected to operate. The time-series simulation in VFOB uses component data pulled from AMSAA's BCCDB, linking the Army's analysis community and the operational Soldiers tasked with designing base camps. Base camp planners can use estimated resource consumption rates to identify system configurations that perform most efficiently under expected operational and environmental conditions, ultimately leading to effective base camps with reduced logistical requirements.
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