Response of the upper ocean to a large summertime injection of smoke in the atmosphere
Garwood R.W. Jr.
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A one-dimensional oceanic planetary boundary layer model is used to investigate the response of the upper ocean to the atmospheric conditions which are predicted to develop following a hypothetical nuclear exchange. The ocean model is driven by the surface heat and momentum fluxes predicted by an atmospheric general circulation model following a summertime injection of 1.5 x 10/sup 14/ g of smoke from postwar fires over Europe, Asia, and North America. Although the specific response of the upper ocean is highly dependent on the geographic location, the mid-latitude summertime mixed layer typically cools 3/sup 0/ to 5/sup 0/C and deepens 25 m during the first 30 days following the smoke injection. Moreover, a large fraction of this response is found to take place during a short 2- to 3-day period of very intense winds and falling air temperatures, which occurs during the first week or two after the smoke injection. copyrightAmerican Geophysical Union 1987
The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JC092iC02p01967
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