Measurement of frictional drag force on superhydrophobic metallic surface
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Material surfaces can be modified to become superhydrophobic using different techniques. Test equipment is necessary to assess the effectiveness of a superhydrophobic surface against frictional drag force. Because the frictional drag force is very small, especially for a sample size to be tested at a laboratory level, a traditional water channel system is not suitable. As a result, a new test setup was designed and fabricated to measure the reduction in the skin frictional drag force on such a superhydrophobic metallic surface. Two different types of sensors were considered. The first one was a spring-based displacement sensor and the other was a spring-less displacement sensor. The developed test setup can have the flow speed with a range of Reynolds numbers up to 70,000 with respect to the test specimen. In this range, the change in the frictional drag force was measured for superhydrophobic surfaces. A microscope was also used to check any change in the air film on the superhydrophobic surface as the flow speed was increased.
The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s41939-018-0019-7
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