RUSSIAN POTENTIAL FOR INFLUENCE IN THE ROMANIAN AND GREEK ENERGY SECTOR
Malutan, Dan Sorin
Cunningham, Daniel T.
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The purpose of the study is to assess the balance between vulnerability and power within the Romanian and Greek energy networks. The study presents visual analytic perspectives on the potential implications of Russian influence in the Romanian and Greek energy sectors; we found no network-analysis–type studies focusing on the energy sector, and we found few studies on Russian influence in the energy sectors of the two countries examined. Specifically, we explore the question, how could Russia exert influence over Romania and Greece through their energy sectors? To answer the question, we conducted phased research. First, we analyzed the energy companies’ social networks and measured the actors’ centrality (measures of indirect influence of power) and brokerage potential (measures path distance between companies within the network). Second, we conducted a geospatial analysis of the gas pipelines infrastructure and energy companies and facilities’ infrastructure to determine the geospatial control of the resources. Third, we conducted a comparative and temporal analysis of energy-related indicators to determine Romania’s and Greece’s degree of dependency on energy resources. This study concludes by identifying three intervention strategies and policy recommendations for each country to counter Russian influence through utilizing energy resources and companies.
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