SOVIET ACTIVE MEASURES REBORN FOR THE 21ST CENTURY: WHAT IS TO BE DONE?
Perkins, Alexander M.
Halladay, Carolyn C.
MetadataShow full item record
Americans were largely surprised when the intelligence community revealed that Russia had launched a widespread influence operation focused on the 2016 U.S. presidential election. With their high-tech, social-media focus, these practices struck many as a newly implemented tactic against the United States. However, throughout the Cold War, the Soviet Union developed and deployed influence operations—then called "active measures"—against the United States and its allies. During the last decade of the Cold War, the United States actively and systematically combatted this threat. But with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, active measures seemed to fade into history as well. This thesis argues that Russia has reincarnated this Cold War relic and is using active measures throughout the world to advance its strategic interests, especially in its post-Soviet space. Russia is utilizing 21st-century technology to gain access to Western populations and sow discord, distrust, and disorder. Thus, this thesis examines the Soviet-era active measures, the U.S. Cold War countermeasures, and Russian active measures today to make recommendations on ways to counter this form of malevolent influence. This thesis finds that the United States should organize purposefully and consistently to counter Russian active measures, educate the American public to increase its resiliency against foreign influence, and intensify its strategic public diplomacy efforts throughout Europe.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Walters, Cathy Darlene. (Monterey, California : Naval Postgraduate School, 1988);This thesis is an attempt to broaden awareness of Soviet perceptions management. Perceptions management activities are designed to influence public and policy maker opinion unfavorably toward the United States and favorably ...
Slot, Daniel P. (Monterey, CA; Naval Postgraduate School, 2019-12);After a military coup in Peru in 1968, General Juan Velasco Alvarado began a political, economic, and security relationship with the Soviet Union during the Cold War. This marked the first instance of the Soviet Union ...
Air defense in the nuclear age: the post-war development of American and Soviet strategic defensive systems. Eglin, James Meikle (Cambridge, Massachusetts; Harvard University, 1967-08);Part I of this study will examine the evolution of the U.S. active air defense posture between 1946-1966. Active defense shall be defined as those military programs designed to destroy attacking aircraft and missiles after ...